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Know your Veg
Recommended equipment
Out of Pots Into Beds Container Planting Cover Up

Raised beds for easy to manage vegetable plots.

Which raised bed style is suitable for you? View our video clips here - allotment,standard, superior.

Hand forks, hand trowels and digging fork

Obelisk for your peas and beans to climb up.

Fleece to protect your plantings against any adverse weather and pests.

Mesh or anti-bird netting to keep out predators of the plants.

Slug Barriers such as copper tape or biological pest control.

Watering can with a fine rose.

Budding Gardener Childrens Tools to dig planting holes

Childrens Gardening Gloves to keep hands and nails clean

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What and When?
Planting out is a gardening term used to refer to the way in which plants that have been growing in a greenhouse or in pots are planted into their permanent home.

Perennial plants such as strawberries or raspberries can be planted out at any time as long as they have been hardened off.

Half hardy annuals such as peas and beetroot can be planted out in mid to late spring after being hardened off.

Annuals such as lettuce and beans can be planted out in late May, early June when there is no longer any danger of frost. They can be planted out earlier but should be covered over with fleece if frosts are forecast.

Guide To Planting Out
• Give the plants due to be planted out a good watering beforehand.

• Make sure the planting area is thoroughly dug over and any perennial weeds such as nettles removed.

• Dig a hole which is slightly bigger than the container the plant is currently living in.

• Gently ease the plant out of the container. Gently knocking on the sides of the container will help. Any roots that are growing through the holes at the bottom should be encouraged to slide back through the holes as the plant is lifted out.

• Look at the plant when it is taken out of the pot. If the roots are growing in circles around the edges of the root ball, it is becoming root bound. Very gently tease out the main roots so that they are encouraged to grow outwards into the soil.

• Put the plant into the hole and add soil around it to fill in any gaps. Firm down the soil. Give the plant some water.

• Tall plants may need someone to hold them steady in the hole while planting is underway.

• Keep watch over the newly planted vegetables and make sure they do not dry out.
Top Tip for Vulnerable Plants
If the new plants such as lettuce are vulnerable to slugs, add a slug barrier at this point. This will discourage the slugs from getting too close to the plant and eating the stems.  
Top Tip For Potatoes
Potatoes should be planted half way down a potato barrel and soil added as they grow. This will earth up the growing plant and encourage more tubers to grow.
Top Tip for Peas and Beans

Obelisks and growing supports should be in place before a young pea or bean plant is put into the ground. Have string or raffia at hand ready to tie the plant onto its new support.
Top Tip for Strawberries
Strawberry pots need to be filled with compost and the plants placed into the holes in the sides of the pot. More plants can be put at the top of the pot.  They will spread and grow downwards. The size of the strawberry pot will determine how many plants can be inserted. Aim for one plant per hole plus two or three at the top.
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National Curriculum linked classroom lesson plans
Fact Sheets - Getting Started

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